CertificationvSphere

VCAP6-DCV Deploy Exam Simulator – FREE

For those taking exam 3V0-622 / VCAP6-DCV Deploy then you’ll know that the exam is a real lab that you need to fix issues in or change configuration based on given scenarios.

This is version 2 of the VCAP6-DCV Deploy Simulator. In the older version, I provided the lab environment but this was difficult to maintain and I wasn’t able to schedule the simulator fast enough for everyone

This version of the simulator uses the VMware Hands-on-Labs environment which is similar to the real exam environment and is online all the time so you can freely go through the lab questions below without having to wait for an available slot or wait for me to open a session for you

Below I provide 27 questions, just like the real exam and you have the same time to complete them. I provide the answers in guide form under each question (hidden by default) so you can try to figure it out before opening the answers to check your work

Launching the Exam simulator

Since the real exam is based on the Hands-on-Labs environment, it makes a lot of sense to use the same environment to answer the practise questions

  • Once logged in, launch the lab. It can take a few seconds to open

  • Extend the time to 3.5 hours to best simulate the exam time (Hit the extend button x2)

  • Open Google Chrome to familiarise yourself with the bookmarks
  • Notice that there is a notes button on the top of the screen. This contains the vCenter credentials
  • Close the manual on the right

  • Maximise the lab screen


YOU’RE READY TO GO!!

  • My practise exam questions are below. They cover various sections of the exam blueprint
  • None of the questions are knowingly taken from the real exam
  • Complete each question at a time. Skip something if you don’t know how to do it. Come back to those question(s) at the end if there is time
  • Expand the answer section to see the answer. Click the images within the answer section to make them larger (They open in a new tab so you won’t lose your place)
  • Please send any feedback to me and I’ll do my best to update the questions and answers
  • Enjoy!

Question 1 – (Objective 1.1 – Perform Advanced ESXi Host Configuration)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Configure esx-01a.corp.local to use vcsa-01b.corp.local as the central syslog server on TCP using the default syslog port
Answer to Question 1
  • Edit Advanced System Settings for the host

  • Search for all syslog settings
  • Set the syslog.global.logHost configuration to: tcp://vcsa01b.corp.local:514

Question 2 – (Objective 1.2 – Deploy and Configure Core Management Infrastructure Components)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Create a new SSO user with username jbloggs Give this user the administrator role on the vCenter Server named vcsa-01a.corp.local
  • Ensure this user has administrator rights to all child objects as well as the VC named vcsa-01a.corp.local
Answer to Question 2
  • Home > Administration

  • Users and Groups
  • Add

  • Enter jbloggs as the username and complete the other fields

  • Hosts and Clusters > Select vcsa-01a.corop.local
  • Permissions tab
  • Add

  • Add
  • Search for the jbloggs user
  • Save
  • Assign the Administrator role
  • Ensure propagate to children is selected
  • OK

Question 3 – (Objective 1.3 – Deploy and Configure Update Manager Components)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Create a new host baseline to contain patch named “Updates tools-light” released on 1/6/2016
  • Apply the baseline to the cluster named RegionA01-COMP01 
Answer to Question 3
  • Home > Update Manager

  • Manage > New Baseline

  • Enter baseline name
  • Host Patch

  • Select the fixed option as we are choosing a specific patch from a list

  • Use the search for updates tools-light
  • Select the correct patch

  • Save the baseline

 

  • Home  > Hosts and Clusters
  • Select the correct cluster: RegionA01-COMP01
  • Update Manager > Attach Baseline

  • Select the baseline created earlier

  • Complete the wizard to attach the baseline to the cluster

Question 4 – (Objective 2.2 – Manage Complex Storage Solutions)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client.
  • Mark the datastore named RegionA01-ISCSI01-COMP01 as an SSD
Answer to Question 4
  • Open Putty and SSH to one of the hosts that this datastore is connected to

  • Run the following command
    • esxcli storage nmp device list
  • Locate the id of the datastore which is in brackets next to the datastore name

  • Save this id to the clipboard / notepad
  • Also, make a note of the “Storage Array Type” (SATP) In this case it is VMW_SATP_ALUA
  • Run the following command, using the correct SATP and device ID from above
    • esxcli storage nmp satp rule add –satp=SATP –device ID –option “enable_ssd”
  • Put the host into maintenance mode

  • Select OK to the confirmation prompt regarding DRS
    • If maintenance mode is taking a long time in the lab, you may find it easier to power off the VMs running on the host. In the real exam, it might not be a good idea to power off the VCSA or PSC as you will likely need them for administration purposes.
  • Reboot the host

  • Select OK to the final prompt. Once the host is back online:
  • Datastores > Select the datastore > COnfigure > General
  • Notice that the drive type is now “Flash”

Question 5 – (Objective 2.2 – Manage Complex Storage Solutions)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Create a new Virtual Machine Storage Policy
  • The policy should use default encryption properties
Answer to Question 5
  • Home > Policies & Profiles

  • Create VM Storage Policy

  • Name the policy

  • Add component > Encryption > Default encryption properties

  • De-select rule-sets

  • Complete the wizard

  • Review the policy

Question 6 (Objective 2.3 – Troubleshoot Complex Storage Solutions)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Determine the IP address and port of the iSCSI server that is hosting the iSCSI datastores attached to esx-02a.corp.local
Answer to Question 6
  • Home >Hosts and Clusters
  • Select the host named esx-02a.corp.local 
  • Configure > Storage Adapters > Select the iSCSI Software Adapter > Targets
  • Note the IP and port
  • The IP and port may differ from the screenshot below but it will be in the same location

Question 7 (Objective 3.1 – Implement and Manage vSphere Standard Switch (vSS) Networks)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client.
  • Create a new TCP/IP stack on the host named esx-01b.corp.local
  • Name the stack “Custom Stack”
  • Set the preferred DNS server to 8.8.8.8
Answer to Question 7
  • Use putty to SSH to the host named esx-01b.corp.local
  • Enter the following command
    • esxcli network ip netstack add -N “Custom Stack”

  • Select the host named esx-01b.corp.local 
  • TCP/IP Stacks > Configure > Edit the new custom stack

  • DNS configuration > Enter settings manually > Enter the preferred DNS server as 8.8.8.8

Question 8 – (Objective 3.2 – Implement and Manage vSphere 6.x Distributed Switch (vDS) Networks)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Enable netflow on the VM-RegionA01-vDS-COMP
  • Set the netflow collector address to 192.168.100.1 and port to 9996
Answer to Question 8
  • Locate the portgroup named VM-RegionA01-vDS-COMP
  • Enable Netflow

  • Locate the vDS that the portgroup is a child member of
  • Apply the Netflow configuration (Server 192.168.100.1 Port:9996)

Question 9 (Objective 3.3 – Scale a vSphere 6.x Network Implementation)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Upgrade NIOC on the vDS named RegionA01-vDS-COMP to the latest version]
  • Enable NIOC
Answer to Question 9
  • Select the vDS
  • Configure > Resource Allocation
  • Next to Version 2, select Upgrade

  • Follow the prompts
  • Select the vDS > Configure > Properties > Edit
  • Network I/O Control > Enabled

Question 10 (Objective 4.1 – Implement and Maintain Complex vSphere Availability Solutions)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Enable HA on the RegionA01-COMP01
  • Ensure VMs are shutdown and restarted if a host in the cluster becomes isolated
  • Ensure VMs are rebooted a maximum of 1 time in any 24 hour window while protected with Virtual Machine Monitoring
Answer to Question 10
  • Edit the settings of the cluster named RegionA01-COMP01
  • Select vSphere Availability and select Edit
  • Tick the box next to “Turn ON vSphere HA”

  • Under “Failures and Responses”, next to “Response for host isolation” select Shutdown and restart VMs
  • Next to VM Monitoring, set the option to VM Monitoring only
  • Expand VM Monitoring, scroll down and change the following settings:
    • Maximum per-VM resets: 1
    • Maximum resets time window: Within 24 hrs

Question 11 – (Objective 4.2 – Implement and Manage Complex DRS solutions)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Enable DPM on the least conservative mode on RegionA01-COMP01
  • Create an alarm on the same cluster to email helpdesk@example.com when a host cannot exit standby mode
Answer to Question 11
  • Home > Hosts and Clusters> Select RegionA01-COMP01 Configure > vSphere DRS > Edit
  • Set Power Management > Automation Level to Automatic
  • Set the DPM Threshold to Aggressive

  • Home > Hosts and Clusters > RegionA01-COMP01 > Monitor > Issues > Alarm Definitions > Add
  • Name the alarm
  • Monitor: Hosts
  • Monitor for: Specific event occurring on this object, for example VM Power On

  • Add
  • Action: Send a notification email
  • Configuration: helpdesk@example.com
  • Green to Yellow: Once
  • Yellow to Red: Once

Question 12 – (Objective 4.3 – Troubleshoot vSphere clusters)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Validate that the prerequisits for vMotion are met for the hosts in the cluster named: RegionA01-COMP01
Answer to Question 12
  • Home > Hosts and Clusters> Select each host in RegionA01-COMP01
    • Datastores
    • Ensure each host has access to the same datastores (Ensure shared storage exists for all hosts in the cluster)

  • Home > Hosts and Clusters> Select each host in RegionA01-COMP01
    • Configure > Physical adapters
    • Ensure each vmnic connected to the vMotion enabled VMkernel adapter is at least 1Gb

  • Home > Hosts and Clusters> Select each host in RegionA01-COMP01
    • Configure > VMkernel adapters
    • Ensure each vMotion enabled VMkernel adapter has an IP address in the same subnet

  • Validate the configuration be performing a vMotion of linux-micro-01a.corp from one host to another in the same cluster

Question 13 – (Objective 5.1 – Execute VMware Cmdlets and Customize Scripts Using PowerCLI)

  • Launch PowerCLI from the desktop
  • Run a PowerCLI command to create a snapshot of linux-micro-01a.corp
Answer to Question 13
  • Run the commands as shown in the screenshot below

  • Verify that the snapshot exists in the Flash Client

Question 14 – (Objective 5.2 – Implement and Maintain Host Profiles)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Create a new host profile from the host named esx-01a.corp.local
  • Remove all settings except for Firewall Configuration from the host profile
  • Apply the host profile to all hosts in the cluster named RegionA01-COMP01 with the least administrative effort
Answer to Question 14
  • Home > Policies and Profiles > Host Profiles > Extract profile from a host > Select esx-01a.corp.local

  • Complete the wizard to Create the new host profile
  • Home > Policies and Profiles > Host Profiles
  • Select the newly created host profile > Actions > Edit Settings
  • Under “Edit host profile” deselect all sections except Security and Services
  • Expand Security and Services
  • Deselect all sections except Firewall Configuration

  • Finish the wizard to complete the configuration
  • Select the newly created host profile > Actions > Attach/Detach Hosts and Clusters
  • Select the cluster named RegionA01-COMP01

  • Attach > Complete the Wizard

Question 15 – (Objective 5.3 – Manage and analyze vSphere log files)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Create a log bundle containing logs for vcsa-01a.corp.local, web client & esx-02a.corp.local only
Answer to Question 15
  • Home > hosts and Clusters
  • Select the correct VCSA > Actions > Export System Logs
  • Select esx-02a.corp.local
  • Select the box to also include logs for the VCSA and Web Client

  • Complete the wizard

Question 16 – (Objective 6.1 – Utilize Advanced vSphere Performance Monitoring Tools)

  • Use Putty to SSH to esx-02a.corp.local
  • Run esxtop for a few seconds, redirecting all output to a csv file
  • Verify that data was captured in the output file
Answer to Question 16
  • SSH to esx-02a.corp.local using Putty
  • Run the command esxtop > /tmp/esxtop.csv

  • After a few seconds, cancel the export with CTRL + C
  • Run “cat esxtop.csv” to verify that the output file has content

Question 17 – (Objective 6.2 – Optimize Virtual Machine resources)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Enable Hot-Add CPU for db-01a.corp.local
Answer to Question 17
  • Select the VM named app-01a.corp.local
  • Ensure the VM is powered off
  • Edit settings
  • Under CPU, select Enable CPU Hot Add

Question 18 – (Objective 7.3 – Backup and Recover vSphere Configurations)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Backup the dVS on vcsa-01a.corp.local with all portgroups
Answer to Question 18
  • Home > Networking
  • Select the dVS
  • Action > Settings > Export Configuration

  • Select Distributed switch and all port groups
  • Select OK, followed by Yes to download the configuration
  • Save the configuration file on the desktop

 

Question 19 – (Objective 7.3 – Backup and Recover vSphere Configurations)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Export web-01z.corp.local as an OVF so that it can be imported into another environment
Answer to Question 19
  • Home > VMs and Templates
  • Select the VM named web-01z.corp.local 
  • Action > Template > Export OVF Template

  • Select OK

Question 20 – (Objective 8.1 – Manage authentication and end-user security)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Enable the MOB for the host named esx-02a.corp.local
Answer to Question 20
  • Home > Hosts and Clusters
  • Select the host named esx-02a.corp.local
  • Configure > Advanced System Settings > Edit
  • Use the search, type MOB
  • Set the value to Enabled for the entry named Config.HostAgent.plugins.solo.enableMob

Question 21 – (Objective 8.1 – Manage authentication and end-user security)

  • Login to the MOB for esx-02a.corp.local
    • Username: root
    • Password: VMware1!
  • Find the host’s build number by navigating the MOB
Answer to Question 21
  • Login to the MOB for the host via web broswer: https://esx-02a.corp.local/mob
  • The username and password is root / VMware1!
  • Select Content
  • Select About
  • See the build number listed

Question 22 – (Objective 8.3 – Harden a vSphere 6.x Deployment)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Enable lockdown mode for host esx-02a.corp.local so that DCUI access is disabled for security purposes
Answer to Question 22
  • Hosts and Clusters > Select host esx-02a.corp.local > Configure > Security Profile > Scroll down to: Lockdown Mode > Edit
  • Specify Strict
  • OK and complete the wizard to finish

Question 23 – (Objective 8.2 – Manage SSL certificates)

  • Download the root CA cerficiates for RegionA vCenter
  • Install the certificates on the Lab machine
Answer to Question 23
  • Navigate to https://vcsa-01a.corp.local in a web broswer
  • Select Download trusted root CA certificates

  • Save to the desktop
  • Extract the certificates
  • Open the certs\win folder
  • Open the .crt file and install by following the prompts

Question 24 – (Objective 8.3 – Harden a vSphere 6.x Deployment)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client.
  • Change the ESXi Shell timeout for esx-01b.corp.local to 1 minute
Answer to Question 24
  • Navigate to https://vcsa-01a.corp.local in a web browser
  • Select the host named esx-01b.corp.local
  • Configure > Advanced System Settings > Edit
  • Search for UserVars.ESXiShellInteractiveTimeOut
  • Set the value for this configuration value to 60 seconds

Question 25 – (Objective 8.3 – Harden a vSphere 6.x Deployment)

  • Login to RegionB vCenter with the flash client
  • Schedule the upgrade of the hardware version of kms-01b.corp.local for next power on of this VM
Answer to Question 25
  • Select the VM > Actions > Compatibility > Schedule VM Compatibility Upgrade
  • Set compatibilty to ESXi 6.0 or later and select OK

  • Shutdown the VM
  • Power on the VM
  • Notice that the hardware version of the VM in it’s VM Hardware pane is now 6.0

Question 26 – (Objective 8.3 – Harden a vSphere 6.x Deployment)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Change the default password policy to require a password longer than 12 characters
  • Ensure that new passwords cannot match any of the last 5 used passwords
Answer to Question 26
  • Login to the VC > Home > Administration > Single Sign-On – Configuration
  • Password Policy > Edit
  • Change minimum length to 13
  • Change Restrict reuse to 5 passwords

Question 27 – (Objective 8.3 – Harden a vSphere 6.x Deployment)

  • Login to RegionA vCenter with the flash client
  • Disable SSH for esx-01a.comp.local
  • Ensure any current session to the ESXi host is stopped
Answer to Question 27
  • Home > Hosts and Clusters > Select the host named esx-01a.comp.local > Configure > Security Profile
  • Scroll down to Services and select Edit
  • Select SSH and click Stop

  • In the previous window, scroll back up and select Firewall > Edit
  • Unick SSH server to prevent any current sessions from continuing

  • OK to close

 

Complete

This concludes the practise exam.

Remember to read the blueprint and ensure you can complete all sections before taking the exam.

If you have any feedback or comments, please let me know via the contact page.

Good luck!

 

Exam tips

Do not waste time reading the documentation. It looks like you have plenty of time in the exam but you really do not, time will pass VERY quickly so if you are not sure about a question, mark it for review and go back to it later. Very few people manage to answer all the questions.

The exam interface is very similar to the Hands on Labs (HOL)

Join the Google Plus group. There are a few hundred people in the group discussing various exam preparation techniques.

Documentation should be available on the desktop but if you need to use it you will run out of time. Only read the documentation if you have unanswered questions at the end of the exam.

Exam preparation

Interface tips: https://mylearn.vmware.com/lcms/web/portals/certification/VMware%20Certification%20Platform%20Interface.pdf

Exam details and blueprint https://mylearn.vmware.com/mgrReg/plan.cfm?plan=88753&ui=www_cert

VCAP on VMTN https://communities.vmware.com/community/vmtn/certedu/certification/vcap

Message me on Twitter if you have any questions @virtualg_uk or contact me vi the contact page on this blog.